Although the conservative treatment plan cannot permanently heal the varicose veins, it can relieve the symptoms on your legs if you have venous dysfunction. The principal method is compression by using compression stockings.
- Compression therapy with stockings. Compression stockings compress and support your legs to help your venous return. Our specialist writes the prescription of compression stockings with adequate pressure level for your legs. You can get a pair from any pharmacy. The insurance companies may not reimburse your purchase.
- Elevate your legs. Position you legs at the same level or higher than your heart to improve the venous return on your legs. You may sit/lie on couch and have a cushion under your legs; do this several times a day for 10 – 30 minutes each time.
- Exercise – contract your calf muscle. Besides the heart that pumps arterial blood to the rest of the body, you have two more pumps which help venous return to the heart from your legs when you are not in a flat position. Strong calf muscles pump venous blood from the calf and soleal venous blood pool back to heart. However in order for your calf pump to work, you have to contract/relax your muscle yourself by doing exercise. You can walk 30 minutes daily to reach this goal.
- Avoid prolonged standing or sitting. When you get up in the morning from flat to sitting position, the venous pressure increases from 0 to 40 mmHg, and to about 80 mmHg in a standing position. The pressure quickly drops to about 20 mmHg when you move your calf muscles.
- Lose weight. If your body mass index is above 25 kg/m^2, you can lose weight to improve circulation in your legs.
- Use alternative drug options. You can try venostat or horse chestnut.
- Take pain medications. Tylenol or Ibuprofen can relieve the ache/pain caused by varicose vein.