Varicose veins and chronic diseases

Vein Diseases

The vein diseases can be classified as the following three types.

  1. Vein
    disease with reflux (blood flows backwards toward feet).
  2. Vein
    obstruction (thrombosis or embolus inside lumen or compression outside lumen)
  3. Mix
    type of both reflux and obstruction.

Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is widely prevalent, about more than 20% of population worldwide. In America, there are 20 -25 million people who have varicose veins, which costs more than $1 billion for medical care annually.

Varicose vein is the medical condition that results when the vein valve does not work anymore, causing leaking or reflux of venous blood. Long time reflux causes high venous pressure. Initially, patients may see visible spider veins or telangiectases. Later the varicose vein develops with dilated vein, and reflux with high venous pressure.  Because blood pools in the veins of the lower leg, patient may feel burning, itching, muscle cramping, feeling heavy, tired leg easily, swelling and ache /pain on legs or asymptomatic initially. Without proper treatment, the more and more valves inside the veins of legs will dysfunction. This is a progressive disease that may result in the following condition – chronic venous insufficiency.

  1. Skin
    color change to brown and dark gradually.
  2. Venous
    ulcer, which can be hard to treat if not treating vein disease first.
  3. Phlebitis,
    which is painful inflammation with clot in superficial vein.
  4. Venolymphedema,
    to lymphedema, or even with lipedema. These conditions are very difficult to
  5. Skin
    and subcutaneous tissue fibrosis and sclerosis – Lipodermatosclerosis

If you have symptoms like burning, itching, leg cramps, heaviness and tiredness of legs, aching and swelling legs, please make appointment today with our doctor.

Minor Surgically Treated Conditions

Common Chronic Disorders

Spider Veins

Varicose Veins


Deep Vein Thrombosis