Varicose veins (also refer to chronic venous insufficiency or chronic vein disease) are enlarged vein with damaged/dysfunctional valves (located inside the veins on the leg). Varicose veins can be morphological and functional abnormalities of veins. The dysfunctional valves result in blood reflux inside the vein, which create extra pressure. The high venous pressure forces fluid into surrounding tissue, which account for your symptoms. Varicose veins are not only unsightly if bulging, but also a medical disease which may progressively get worse if untreated and can cause recurrent dermatitis, skin color change,non-healing ulcers, thrombosis, and thrombophlebitis.
If you have any one of the following symptoms for quite a while without other identified reasons, you may have venous dysfunction (varicose veins).
- Dull Aches/Pains
- Restless Legs
- Itching/Dry Skin
- Muscle Cramps especially at night
- Tingling & Numbness
- Skin Color Changes, pigmentation
- Recurrent venous stasis dermatitis / redness
According to American Association of phlebology (American Vein and Lymphatic Society – AVLS), the effective treatment of varicose vein is still ablation to get rid of the varicose veins. Refer to the treatment session.